By Charles Francois
In various forms, such a tutorial has been developed along the last fifteen years by our Argentine Association.
Presently, the tutorial includes two succesive modules.
2. The System
B. A second level Tutorial
- Their transdisciplinary uses.
SYSTEMIC THEORY Definition PART (B) Particular definition: Systems, from the four directions of Philosophy, Theory, Methodology and Application, in dynamic, multiple-causal interactive relationship, acting as a family, having members in a meaningful relationship acting as wholes and possessing organization as a process with aspects determined by boundaries set by the observer according to subjective and objective considerations that might be static or dynamic, with qualities or quantities that are simplicity compared relatively to complexity resulting in closed or open systems having form and function which can have emergent effects creating an evolution or devolution depending on internal or external relationships utilizing diffentiation and integration to form order out of chaoic behavior all at once over a period of time i.e., “autopoiesis” (self generation)
TYPES OF SYSTEMS
Human activity systems
Second Order Cybernetic Systems
Information systems (Simms p305)
Critical systems theory,
Liberating systems theory,
Activity Theory (p293?)
Living systems theory,
Soft Systems Theory,
Dynamic Systems Theory,
A general theory of dynamic systems,
Complexity levels: (fm Francois)
Miller's taxonomy of living systems; levels of organization;
Critical Subsystems; Translevel Hypothesis.
The various kinds of systems:
Their ways of processing energy, matter and information.
Neural nets and complex systems genesis.
From autopoiesis to autogenesis and vice-versa.
The limits of autonomy; controls, natural and artificial; cybenetics of the complex control.
Complex cyclical behavior in systems:
Deterministic chaos; limits to determinism in prospective and planning; multi-level cyclivcal forecasting and planning.
Cybernetics of second order:
The observer according to von Foerster, Maturana, and Jumarie;
Korzybski's Structural differential
Creation of information: Information treatment; formalized languages.
Their transdisciplinary uses.
Positive, negative and compensating feedbacks
Regulation, control and hierarchy
Variety and constraints
Law of requiste variety
Information: signs, signals, significations, data, codes, languages, messages
Communication: Transmission and quantification of information.
Channels, Noise, Redundancy
Process Logic (p103)