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introduction_to_system_studies [2015/01/31 23:55]
introduction_to_system_studies [2020/07/27 15:38] (current)
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 +**SYSTEMS THEORY/​SCIENCE/​PHILOSOPHY/​THINKING/​APPROACH/​METHODOLOGY/​SYSTEMICS** is a transdisciplinary and multiperspective scientific inquiry that studies structure and properties in terms of their interrelationships. Ervin Laszlo contrasts the system model with the Classical science model of reductionism as a shifting of emphasis **//from parts to the organization of parts//**; from the **"​component to the dynamic"​** as he puts it. Erich Jantsch writes, "Quite generally, a system becomes observable and definable through its interactions. <​ref>​Jantsch E (1980) The Self-Organizing-Universe. Pergamon Press</​ref>​ They emphasize that it is through these mutually interactive relationships that **//new properties of the whole emerge.//** Bela H Banathy regards this observation to be the "​value"​ of systems theory; as **this new whole has //​properties which are not found in the constituent elements//​**. "We cannot understand the whole bit by bit" he explains.[1] <!--(See Note 1:) -->