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the_living_systems_theory_of_james_grier_miller [2007/06/10 17:11]
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the_living_systems_theory_of_james_grier_miller [2015/01/31 23:55] (current)
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 The eight levels of living systems are: cells: a basic building block of life organs: the principle components are cells, organized in simple, multi-cellular systems. organisms: there are three kinds of organisms: fungi, plants and animals. Each has distinctive cells, tissues and body plans and carries out life processes differently. groups: these contain two or more organisms and their relationships. organizations:​ these involve one of more groups with their own control systems for doing work. communities:​ they include both individual persons and groups, as well as groups which are formed and are responsible for governing or providing services to them. societies: these are loose associations of communities,​ with systematic relationships between and among them. supranational systems: organizations of societies with a supraordinate system of influence and control. The eight levels of living systems are: cells: a basic building block of life organs: the principle components are cells, organized in simple, multi-cellular systems. organisms: there are three kinds of organisms: fungi, plants and animals. Each has distinctive cells, tissues and body plans and carries out life processes differently. groups: these contain two or more organisms and their relationships. organizations:​ these involve one of more groups with their own control systems for doing work. communities:​ they include both individual persons and groups, as well as groups which are formed and are responsible for governing or providing services to them. societies: these are loose associations of communities,​ with systematic relationships between and among them. supranational systems: organizations of societies with a supraordinate system of influence and control.
  
-The twenty ​aubsystems ​and processes of all living systems arranged by input-throughput-output processes Processes which take place in the Systems Input Stage input transducer: brings information into the system ingestor: brings material-energy into the system Processes which take place in the Systems Throughput Stage A. information processes: internal transducer: receives and converts information brought into system channel and net: distributes information throughout the system decoder: prepares information for use by the system timer: maintains the appropriate spatial/​temporal relationships associator: maintain appropriate relationships between information sources memory: stores information for system use decider: makes decisions about various system operations encoder: converts information to needed and usable form B. material-energy processes: reproducer: with information,​ carries on reproductive function boundary: with information,​ protects system from outside influences distributor:​ distributes material-energy for use throughout the system converter: converts material-energy into suitable form for use by the system producer: synthesizes material-energy for use within the system m-e storage: stores material-energy used by the system motor: handles mobility of various parts of the system supporter: provides physical support to the system C. Processes which take place in the Systems Output Stage output transducer: handles information output of the system. extruder: handles material-energy discharged by the system.+The twenty ​subsystems ​and processes of all living systems arranged by input-throughput-output processes Processes which take place in the Systems Input Stage input transducer: brings information into the system ingestor: brings material-energy into the system Processes which take place in the Systems Throughput Stage A. information processes: internal transducer: receives and converts information brought into system channel and net: distributes information throughout the system decoder: prepares information for use by the system timer: maintains the appropriate spatial/​temporal relationships associator: maintain appropriate relationships between information sources memory: stores information for system use decider: makes decisions about various system operations encoder: converts information to needed and usable form B. material-energy processes: reproducer: with information,​ carries on reproductive function boundary: with information,​ protects system from outside influences distributor:​ distributes material-energy for use throughout the system converter: converts material-energy into suitable form for use by the system producer: synthesizes material-energy for use within the system m-e storage: stores material-energy used by the system motor: handles mobility of various parts of the system supporter: provides physical support to the system C. Processes which take place in the Systems Output Stage output transducer: handles information output of the system. extruder: handles material-energy discharged by the system.
  
 Because the Living Systems Theory of James Grier Miller is a general Theory, the aforementioned concepts are metaphorical only, meant to be algebraically translated to the particular living system in systemic inquiry. Because the Living Systems Theory of James Grier Miller is a general Theory, the aforementioned concepts are metaphorical only, meant to be algebraically translated to the particular living system in systemic inquiry.
  
 Editor: Elaine Parent is a close associate and assistant to James Miller Editor: Elaine Parent is a close associate and assistant to James Miller
the_living_systems_theory_of_james_grier_miller.txt · Last modified: 2015/01/31 23:55 (external edit)